بِسمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيـمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
Death of Jesus
Muslims of today believe Jesus was not crucified and did not die but was raised alive to the heavens but how he was raised alive is not know as if it was a space ship that took him or magical stairway to heaven or might be a stargate but assumptions are just assumptions and avail nothing against the truth.
The Quranic perspective of what happened to jesus is different than any mainstream view or story which will be highlighted in this article.
Claim of Jesus being raised alive vs Quran
Scholars of islam have highlighted a verse from Quran 4:158 which is simple on its own but their understanding is based on twisting the interpretation which led them to conclusion Jesus being raised alive.
بَل رَّفَعَهُ اللَّـهُ إِلَيْهِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّـهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا
Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise.
According to tafsir interpretations carried out by scholars using imagination they believe he was raised alive but analysis of the verse does not mention word “Alive” in the verse but raised so him being rasied alive is not a Quranic concept.
Arabic Analysis of Quran 4:158
Word Rafa رَّفَعَهُ means raised or ascend and the Arabic for word “Alive” is Haya حَيًّا and word Haya/Alive is missing from Quran 4:158 so what about jesus being raised and what Allah intends with raising? The answer can only be found in Quran as it contains all the answers being a detailed book in Quran 2:253
تِلْكَ الرُّسُلُ فَضَّلْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ عَلَىٰ بَعْضٍ ۘ مِّنْهُم مَّن كَلَّمَ اللَّـهُ ۖ وَرَفَعَ بَعْضَهُمْ دَرَجَاتٍ ۚ وَآتَيْنَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ الْبَيِّنَاتِ وَأَيَّدْنَاهُ بِرُوحِ الْقُدُسِ ۗ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّـهُ مَا اقْتَتَلَ الَّذِينَ مِن بَعْدِهِم مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَلَـٰكِنِ اخْتَلَفُوا فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ آمَنَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن كَفَرَ ۚ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّـهُ مَا اقْتَتَلُوا وَلَـٰكِنَّ اللَّـهَ يَفْعَلُ مَا يُرِيدُ
Those messengers – some of them We caused to exceed others. Among them were those to whom Allah spoke, and He raised some of them in degree. And We gave Jesus, the Son of Mary, clear proofs, and We supported him with the Pure Spirit. If Allah had willed, those [generations] succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, and some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other, but Allah does what He intends.
Verse clear mentions Daraja دَرَجَا meaning “rank” of jesus was raised not his body.
Rafa رَّفَعَهُ also means death and its a much authentic meaning in comparison to other meanings.
وَلَوْ شِئْنَا لَرَفَعْنَاهُ بِهَا وَلَـٰكِنَّهُ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث ۚ ذَّٰلِكَ مَثَلُ الْقَوْمِ الَّذِينَ كَذَّبُوا بِآيَاتِنَا ۚ فَاقْصُصِ الْقَصَصَ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ
And if We had willed, we could have elevated him thereby, but he adhered [instead] to the earth and followed his own desire. So his example is like that of the dog: if you chase him, he pants, or if you leave him, he [still] pants. That is the example of the people who denied Our signs. So relate the stories that perhaps they will give thought.
Highlighted in bold is the word Rafa in verse above which is used for a sinner but not for a saint, rafa in the verse above does not mean Allah will raise a sinner to paradise but Rafa means death in the context as if Allah wills Allah can cause the sinner to die and presents example of sinner as a dog which pants regardless if you chase him or not.
وَمَا مُحَمَّدٌ إِلَّا رَسُولٌ قَدْ خَلَتْ مِن قَبْلِهِ الرُّسُلُ ۚ أَفَإِن مَّاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ انقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَىٰ أَعْقَابِكُمْ ۚ وَمَن يَنقَلِبْ عَلَىٰ عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَن يَضُرَّ اللَّـهَ شَيْئًا ۗ وَسَيَجْزِي اللَّـهُ الشَّاكِرِينَ
Muhammad is not but a messenger. [Other] messengers have passed on before him. So if he was to die or be killed, would you turn back on your heels [to unbelief]? And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all; but Allah will reward the grateful.
How can this verse be any true when jesus was from messengers before Muhammad did not die so jesus being alive nothing more than anti qur’anic propaganda by the devil.
Death of jesus clearly mentioned in Quran
إِذْ قَالَ اللَّـهُ يَا عِيسَىٰ إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ وَرَافِعُكَ إِلَيَّ وَمُطَهِّرُكَ مِنَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا وَجَاعِلُ الَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوكَ فَوْقَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ الْقِيَامَةِ ۖ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأَحْكُمُ بَيْنَكُمْ فِيمَا كُنتُمْ فِيهِ تَخْتَلِفُونَ
[Mention] when Allah said, “O Jesus, indeed I am causing you to die and raise you to Myself and purify you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection. Then to Me is your return, and I will judge between you concerning that in which you used to differ.
Quran 3:55 clearly mentions death of jesus as most of the English translations are carried out by sunni scholars who cannot resist the temptations of injecting their propaganda in quranic translations.
Allah says يَا عِيسَىٰ إِنِّي مُتَوَفِّيكَ O Jesus I will cause you to die, Word مُتَوَفي meaning death which is used in multiple verse though out the quran meaning death like in Quran 3:193, 4:15, 4:97, 7:37, 7:126, 8:50, 10:46, 10:104, 12:101, 13:40, 16:32, 16:70, 32:11, 40:77, 47:27.
All of these verses mention تُوَفَّىٰ Tawafa translating it as death.
What if all above is incorrect and jesus is still alive?
If the verses above are not convincing enough and based on translators own delusional belief unless something convincing enough is presented since not everyone has good knowledge of Quranic Arabic and will go with the mainstream view then quran has something very interesting to share.
Mainstream sunnis and shia believe jesus will return to guide them that he is not son of God or God himself, correct the Christian belief so Christian will convert to islam and Christianity will end , kill the antichrist and will get married and then die like everyone else but the quran does not mention his return rather than an interesting fact which destroys the whole argument about his return.
وَإِذْ قَالَ اللَّـهُ يَا عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ أَأَنتَ قُلْتَ لِلنَّاسِ اتَّخِذُونِي وَأُمِّيَ إِلَـٰهَيْنِ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ ۖ قَالَ سُبْحَانَكَ مَا يَكُونُ لِي أَنْ أَقُولَ مَا لَيْسَ لِي بِحَقٍّ ۚ إِن كُنتُ قُلْتُهُ فَقَدْ عَلِمْتَهُ ۚ تَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِي وَلَا أَعْلَمُ مَا فِي نَفْسِكَ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ ﴿١١٦﴾ مَا قُلْتُ لَهُمْ إِلَّا مَا أَمَرْتَنِي بِهِ أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّـهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ ۚ وَكُنتُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا مَّا دُمْتُ فِيهِمْ ۖ فَلَمَّا تَوَفَّيْتَنِي كُنتَ أَنتَ الرَّقِيبَ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَأَنتَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ شَهِيدٌ
And [beware the Day] when Allah will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?'” He will say, “Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen.
I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; but when You took me up, You were the Observer over them, and You are, over all things, Witness.
Quran 5:116-117 mentions jesus will be brought back to life on day of judgement to be Questioned and Allah will ask jesus did you say “Take me and my mother as deities besides Allah ?” which is common Christian belief and jesus will answer “I said not to them except what You commanded me – to worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord. And I was a witness over them as long as I was among them; until you caused me to die”
If jesus was raised alive to return back to earth and reform Christian belief then why is jesus answering Allah that he has no idea as to what happened with Christian belief after his depature when according to mainstream Islamic belief jesus will set everything right by reforming Christianity, According to the conversion in 5:116-117 between Allah and jesus the return of jesus, his reform of christanity, his killing of dajjal and his marriage is completely missing as if he never returned nor does Quran mentions his return.
The Death of Jesus
Since Quran is not biography of jesus but it does mention events leading to belief how jesus died in accordance with previous books (NT) and recorded history.
وَقَوْلِهِمْ إِنَّا قَتَلْنَا الْمَسِيحَ عِيسَى ابْنَ مَرْيَمَ رَسُولَ اللَّـهِ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَـٰكِن شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ ۚ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِّنْهُ ۚ مَا لَهُم بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ ۚ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا
And [for] their saying, “Indeed, we have killed the Messiah, Jesus, the son of Mary, the messenger of Allah .” And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain.
Quran 4:157 clearly mentions jesus was not killed or crucified but a similarity was made by romans which was recorded by historians and roman records and the bible.
Upon reflecting on Quran 3:55 and 4:157 and New testament Jesus died after the last supper in captivity before the crucifixion being promised by romans to the jews but upon investigating romans found jesus dead in his cell before the day of crucifiction so romans could have possibly put the dead body of jesus on cross to deceive the crowd thus fulfilling their promise to jews as Quran 4:157 mentions resemblance being made to crucifying jesus.