بِسمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحْمٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيـمِ
In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.
IntroductionWhat is the definition of Salat? and from where can be obtain the literal meaning and definition of Salat? Establishing Salat is the first commandment given to muslim in quran and it is being practiced by millions of muslims but is it in accordance with the Quran? As Allah mentions quran is complete and fully detailed and Allah has not missed out anything from the Quran and is the only source of law.
Quran Al-Anam 6:114
أَفَغَيْرَ اللَّـهِ أَبْتَغِي حَكَمًا وَهُوَ الَّذِي أَنزَلَ إِلَيْكُمُ الْكِتَابَ مُفَصَّلًا ۚ وَالَّذِينَ آتَيْنَاهُمُ الْكِتَابَ يَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ مُنَزَّلٌ مِّن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ ۖ فَلَا تَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْمُمْتَرِينَ
[Say], “Then is it other than Allah I should seek as judge while it is He who has revealed to you the Book explained in detail?” And those to whom We [previously] gave the Scripture know that it is sent down from your Lord in truth, so never be among the doubters.
Quran Al-Anam 24:35
وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا طَائِرٍ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيْهِ إِلَّا أُمَمٌ أَمْثَالُكُم ۚ مَّا فَرَّطْنَا فِي الْكِتَابِ مِن شَيْءٍ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَىٰ رَبِّهِمْ يُحْشَرُونَ
And there is no creature on [or within] the earth or bird that flies with its wings except [that they are] communities like you. We have not neglected in the book a thing. Then unto their Lord they will be gathered.
What is the definition Salat?Quranic word Salat (صلاة) literally means “Contact” and word Akeemu Al Salat (أَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ) means establishing contact, Root word for Salat (صلاة) is Tasil (تصل) meaning “Contact”.
Quran Al-Bakarah 2:43
وَأَقِيمُواْ ٱلصَّلٰوةَ وَآتُواْ ٱلزَّكَٰوةَ وَٱرْكَعُواْ مَعَ ٱلرَّٰكِعِينَ
And establish Contact and give zakah and bow with those who bow .
Definition of Salat from QuranWord Salat is used multiple times in the Quran and following verses will help us with the better understanding/Meaning of Salat.
Definition of the Root word Tasil (تصل) from the Quran.
Quran Al-Tawba 9:84
وَلَا تُصَلِّ عَلَىٰ أَحَدٍ مِّنْهُم مَّاتَ أَبَدًا وَلَا تَقُمْ عَلَىٰ قَبْرِهِ ۖ إِنَّهُمْ كَفَرُوا بِاللَّـهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَمَاتُوا وَهُمْ فَاسِقُونَ
And do not contact any of them even when they die – ever – or stand at his grave. Indeed, they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger and died while they were defiantly disobedient.
Definition of the Root word Tasil (تصل) and Salat (صلاة) from the Quran.
Quran Al-Tawba 9:103
خُذْ مِنْ أَمْوَالِهِمْ صَدَقَةً تُطَهِّرُهُمْ وَتُزَكِّيهِم بِهَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ ۖ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَّهُمْ ۗ وَاللَّـهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ
Take, [O, Muhammad], from their wealth a charity by which you purify it and purify them, and remain in contact with them. Indeed, your contact is reassurance for them. And Allah is Hearing and Knowing.
Salwat of AllahSalawat (صَلَوَاتٌ) is the plural for word Salat (صلاة) which means remaining in contact and no dictionary explains Salwat better than Quran.
Quran Al-Bakarah 2:157
أُولَـٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ
Those are the ones whom Lord remains in contact with and is merciful and they are the ones guided.
Salat of Allah and angels on believersWord يُصَلِّي is another form of Salat literally meaning contact.
Quran Al-Ahzab 33:43
هُوَ الَّذِي يُصَلِّي عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَلَائِكَتُهُ لِيُخْرِجَكُم مِّنَ الظُّلُمَاتِ إِلَى النُّورِ ۚ وَكَانَ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَحِيمًا
It is he who’s contact with you and the angels that He may bring you out from darknesses into the light. And ever is He, to the believers, Merciful. .
Salat of Allah and angels on prophet
Quran Al-Ahzab 33:56
إِنَّ اللَّـهَ وَمَلَائِكَتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ ۚ يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا صَلُّوا عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا
Indeed, Allah and his angels are in contact with the prophet, O! you who have believed contact him and submit and accept.